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Carolina Panthers
Head groundskeeper Tom Vaughan
Meet the man who makes sure the Panthers' grass is always greener
Head groundskeeper Tom Vaughan digs deep in preparation for a busy 19th season in 2019.
By Bryan Strickland Mar 29, 2019

Tom Vaughan's horticulture degree from Clemson includes a concentration in ornamental design, so surely the Panthers' head groundskeeper for the past 18 seasons has a stack of "Yard of the Month" signs somewhere in his shed.

"What's the saying: 'A painter's house is never painted'? My yard is fine, but it's been a point of contention between me and my wife," Vaughan joked. "Everybody needs a break."

The immaculate tract of turf inside Bank of America Stadium that Vaughan and his staff meticulously tend needs a break as well, but it's set to see more offseason foot traffic in the coming weeks and perhaps in the coming years.

The annual Weekend Warrior Flag Football Tournament recently wrapped up inside the stadium, and then in rapid-fire fashion the field will host the first Untappd Beer Festival on May 4 and then welcome "Kicking It With Cam!" for the first time on May 10 - in addition to a couple of summer soccer dates.

"I think we'll be fine," Vaughan said. "The good thing is that this time of the year, it's not that impactful. We won't actively start growing grass until May. We have soccer (Gold Cup on June 23 and International Champions Cup on July 20) after the beer festival, so we will do some field work, sodding and that type of thing for that.

"I think the biggest thing is always thinking ahead. Whether it's turf management or the grounds, it's all about what you do ahead of time and the steps you take along the way."

The importance of game-planning when it comes to Vaughan's venue was on display this past season, when relentless rounds of rain put his crew through the paces. The group of eight also maintains the practice fields adjacent to Bank of America Stadium, a facility that was pelted by the bulk of precipitation.

This upcoming season, the players will catch a break – as will the two grass practice fields – when the artificial turf practice field is covered by a bubble.

"It's great for us and football," Vaughan said, noting that practices were impacted by rain all but two game weeks in 2018. "Anytime you can move indoors and not have to practice on a field like that, it's going to reduce the wear on it a good bit. I think it's a great idea."


Vaughan discovered his green thumb as a 14-year-old in Anderson, S.C., when his father helped him get a job on the maintenance crew at a local golf course. He eventually enrolled at Clemson a few miles from his hometown, earning a horticulture degree in 1986.

He was working for TruGreen in Atlanta a couple of years later when his roommate noticed a want ad in Forbes magazine for a horticulturalist in Spartanburg. The job was with Spartan Foods – co-owned by Jerry Richardson – and allowed him and his soon-to-be-wife to settle close to home. After 19 years there, Vaughan joined the Panthers as an assistant in 1998 before taking over the head job in 2001.

"I've got a good staff, and the core of them have been with me 10 to 15 years – especially my field guys," Vaughan said.

Field supervisor Adam White came aboard as a fellow Clemson grad around the time Vaughan became the head man. Field assistant Dennis Riggs arrived when Vaughan was still as assistant in 1999, while fellow field assistant Stephen Sayrs got his start as an intern in 2005.

"They're all experienced, and that's key," Vaughan said. "When you do get in a tight spot, having guys that are experienced is huge. We're under the gun a lot with the weather."

That was the case the first season the Panthers advanced to the Super Bowl when, in 2003, Vaughan estimates his crew had to tarp the field seven or eight times because of persistent precipitation. And he'll never forget Cam Newton's first victory early in the 2011 season when a massive rainstorm came out of nowhere (though in that scenario there wasn't really anything Vaughan could do).

"When I saw that cell pop up, I couldn't believe it," said Vaughan, who typically spends game day in his office beneath the stands, monitoring the weather for the equipment crew. "There was a 20 percent chance of rain that day, and then the darkest looking cell I had ever seen on the radar popped up.

"And then it hit and it was insane – like four inches of rain. You get that kind of rain, there's really nothing that can handle it all at once. I wasn't really that worked about the field – it was early in the year and it was strong. It drained well. The craziest part was in the stands.

"It would not let up."

While the Jaguars storm dumped a massive volume of rain in a short time, this past season brought a volume of rain events, including a hurricane and two tropical storms. The rain was almost always a mid-week occurrence, sparing the turf itself on game day but uprooting the schedule for landscape supervisor Creighton Sloan and assistants Brian Ballard, Bryan Teague and Tyler Hornbeck. They usually tend to the garden-like grounds around the stadium's perimeter on Mondays and Tuesdays, but some weeks they had to help begin the field-painting process on Tuesday in anticipation of coming rain that wrecked the normal window.

The playing surface itself rolled with the punches right along with the staff and emerged from the season perhaps stronger than ever thanks to the crew's work and a technological advance that has recently taken hold.

"It's a game changer," Vaughan said of what is known in the industry as "sod on plastic."

In preparation for a typically tough December – when the turf is taxed by the ACC Championship, the Belk Bowl and the changing climate – the Panthers opted for the first time in 2018 to completely re-sod with sod on plastic. Bermuda growers have perfected a turf that builds strong roots horizontally, forced to grow that way by a thick piece of plastic underneath that doesn't allow roots to grow down into the ground. The resulting sod can safely be played on days after it's installed as opposed to traditional sod, which requires more time to set and thus typically is only used to patch particularly stressed areas.

That same sod on plastic will serve as the base for the 2019 season. The Bermuda will begin to rise from dormancy around the time of the beer festival and should thrive through the first six weeks of the season before Vaughan and Co. plant rye grass that will provide the field's deep green color for a few weeks. Then for December, the crew will again re-sod with the on-plastic product.

Technological advances have given Vaughan more tools to work with, but that almost magical field of green that greets fans on game day still depends on a human touch.

"We've always had high standards. I take a lot of pride in it, and my crew does, too," Vaughan said. "We always try to have one of the top fields in the league. That's our goal."

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